VISTULA SPIT AND VISTULA MARSHLAND
The swoosh of surf, walks on sandy beaches, extraordinary world of
fauna and flora, fabulous landscapes, sunbaths, the air saturated
with iodine, lands "derived" from the sea as well as a possibility
to admire the works of art, architecture or engineering are good for
physical regeneration and help relieve everyday stress. It is worth
taking advantage of the abundant nature and human artefacts in the
Vistula Marshland and Vistula Spit and rest either in some oases of
peace and quiet, on numerous tourist routes, in the bustling resorts,
or possibly learning the fascinating history of the Marshland derived
from the sea.
The Vistula Marshland covers an extensive land southwards to the
seashore. The town and Commune of Nowy Dwór Gdański as well as Sztutowo,
Stegna and Elbląg communes operate there. The Marshland means vast,
woodless plains cut with a dense grid of canals, ditches, rivers,
embankments and dikes. There are also omnipresent willows along rivers
or canals and buildings on terps (hills of rescue). Depression makes
a considerable part of this area. In Raczki Elbląskie near Elbląg
there is the lowest point in Poland (1,8 m below sea level). Within
the Marshland tourists can use lots of rivers (the Elbląg, Szkarpawa,
Tuga, Tina, Fiszewka, Balewka, Nogat etc.) and canals (including the
longest ones: the Elbląg and Jagielloński Canals). Natural reserves
constitute a great value of the region, e.g.: Drużno Lake (total area
of 3,068 hectares, 210 water and marsh bird species with 110 nesting
ones), Elbląg Bay (Zatoka Elbląska - 222 bird species with 86 nesting
ones), Nogat Estuary (Ujście Rzeki Nogat - 185 bird species), Gull
Sandbank (Mewia Łacha - 220 bird species). The Vistula Marshland means
also a variety of material culture objects and engineering constructions
along with the numerous traces of Mennonites, who had "derived"
this beautiful land from the sea and reclaimed for agriculture. Until
recently, this land was famous for its numerous windmills powering
pumps and mills. Their remnants still arouse great interest. The arcaded
houses, churches, Mennonites' cemeteries, characteristic buildings
in some villages (linear village, ribbon development, chain village),
drawbridges, rotating bridges, big water pumping stations, sluices,
flood gates are just a few examples of the old-centuries heritage.
TOWN OF KRYNICA MORSKA
It is the biggest and the most popular seaside resort of the Vistula
Spit. It also incorporates the settlements of Piaski and Przebrno.
The town has only 1,400 inhabitants but in the summer the number of
people staying here often amounts to 20-30 thousand. The total length
of beaches exceeds 20 km. Krynica Morska has been known as a health
resort since the Mid-19th century. Some fishermen's huts, old-style
guest houses, and a lighthouse (now also an observation tower) have
remained until present. Nowadays, new apartment buildings and other
modern architecture tend to dominate in the resort. In Krynica there
are over 30 buildings of mass accommodation (hotels, rest houses,
rehabilitation centres), as well as hundreds of bigger and smaller
guest houses, private accommodation and other places to stay. Krynica
offers visitors all kinds of services, varied cultural entertainment,
numerous sports events and other attractions. Boat cruises are organized
from its port to Frombork, Elbląg, Tolkmicko and the Kaliningrad District.
Several tourist routes run through Krynica Morska. East of the town
centre there is the highest point on the Spit called Camel's Hump
(49,5 m above sea level). The abundance of wildlife, sandy beaches,
unique microclimate, numerous pine and mixed forests provide attractive
conditions for recreation.
COMMUNE OF SZTUTOWO
The commune, with dominant tourist and leisure functions, is located between Krynica Morska and Stegna. Sztutowo, Kąty Rybackie and Skowronki are its major holiday resorts. The Commune of Sztutowo is characteristic of beautiful beaches, magnificent pine and mixed forests and plenty of waters. In a summer season many sports, cultural and folk events are organized here. Dni Rybaka (Fisherman Days) and Piknik Królewski (Royal Picnic) deserve special attention. Precious nature, water and horse tourism, numerous objects of material culture offer visitors a very good rest and attractive pastimes.
Sztutowo. A significant recreation and leisure centre. An administrative centre of the commune. A lot of rest houses, guest houses and a big selection of private accommodation. Wonderful sandy beaches, rich forests, a few historic objects (a drawbridge, a narrow gauge railroad, some residential buildings, a church), a horse riding centre, water equipment rentals, Ola's Gallery, the Stutthof National Museum (during World War II Germans organized a concentration camp here. 65,000 people lost their lives in it). These days, Sztutowo is a perfect holiday destination, with a big number of services to fulfill visitors needs.
Kąty Rybackie. A considerable rest and recreation centre. A large
selection of accommodation and leisure facilities. A fishing port,
two marinas, a passenger port and the Vistula Lagoon Museum. The Kąty
Rybackie Nature Reserve was created to protect Great Cormorant - it
is one of the largest colonies of this bird in Europe (35-40 thousand)
as well as Grey Heron (800 pairs). Lovely nature, attractive location,
excellent beaches, a possibility to go fishing or do some water sports,
the multitude of sports, cultural and entertainment events guarantee
a good rest.
COMMUNE OF STEGNA
The Commune of Stegna comprises the areas of the Vistula Spit from
the Vistula River to the boundary of Sztutowo as well as the Marshland
south of the Spit. Such well-known holiday resorts as Stegna, Jantar,
Mikoszewo and Junoszyno belong to the commune. This is the most attractive
Spit commune as far as its history, nature and space are concerned.
There are many leisure facilities: from sanatoriums, hotels, guest
houses, rest houses, up to private accommodation. In the summer there
are many sports, cultural and recreation events organized, therein
the World Championship in Amber Finding. A narrow gauge railroad runs
this way, which is a great tourist attraction. The commune offers
many kilometers of long sandy beaches, beautiful forests and numerous
historical objects. There is also a very rich trade and service range.
Moreover, it is located close to Tri-City, Malbork and Elbląg.
TOWN AND COMMUNE OF NOWY DWÓR GDAŃSKI
COMMUNE OF ELBLĄG
The Commune of Elblag is situated at the boundary of the Vistula
Marshland and Elbląg High Plain which, like in a nutshell, comprises
issues regarding tourism, leisure and nature of the two physiographically
different areas. There are beautiful forests, precious nature under
protection, a great amount of waters and material culture. Among the
valuable resources of the commune there are two ornithological reserves,
archaeological excavations at the site of the primeval settlement
TRUSO (in Janów near Elbląg), the lowest point in Poland (1,8 m below
sea level) in Raczki Elbląskie, Mennonites' cemeteries, sacral objects
and quite an original recreation centre called Little Holland (on
the outskirts of Elbląg). Many hiking, bicycle and water tourist routes
run in all directions through the commune. One cannot miss a pleasure
cruise through the Elbląg Canal. Thanks to the unique slipways and
other equipment to transport a boat on land, it can overcome a 100-metre
difference in height between Elbląg and Ostróda. It is the only attraction
of that kind worldwide and is eagerly visited by tourists from all
over Europe and more distant countries. Within the commune area there
are numerous hotels, motels and agro-tourism facilities.