Elbląg High Plain and Old Prussian Coast
Astonishing nature, picturesque landscapes, land relief which makes
one feel like in the mountains, a rich history as well as extraordinary
centuries-old buildings - this is the most concise characteristics
of the area along the Vistula Lagoon (known also as Vistula Bay),
belonging to the Elblag High Plain, Old Prussian Coast and partly
to the Warmia Plain. This area stretches out from Elbląg through Tolkmicko,
Kadyny, Frombork and Braniewo to Kaliningrad in the Russian Federation.
Everything here is interesting and unusual: the signs of human activity
- large buildings, works of art, scientific discoveries along with
the works of nature - deep ravines (up to 60 m) carved by swift torrents,
huge boulders, unique animals and plants (especially centuries-old
trees). The incontestable value of the local nature and the necessity
of protecting it led to the creation of the Elbląg High Plain Landscape
Park (Park Krajobrazowy Mierzei Wiślanej) along with the following
reserves: Elbląg High Plain Beeches (Buki Wysoczyzny Elbląskiej),
Kadyny Woods (Kadyński Las), Elbląg Bay (Zatoka Elbląska), Calf House
(Cielętnik), Beaver Refuge on the Pasłęka River (Ostoja Bobrów na
rzece Pasłęce), Crest Ravine (Pióropusznikowy Jar). It is possible
to explore the resources of the Elbląg High Plain and Old-Prussian
Coast owing to numerous tourist routes, including hiking, water or
bicycle ones (R-1 international bicycle route and Copernicus route,
to mention but a few) and also historical tourism paths running from
Elbląg through Kadyny, Tolkmicko, Frombork to Braniewo, as well as
to Malbork, Tri-City and Kaliningrad. The whole area has a good tourism
base and offers many attractions e.g. organ concerts, outdoor performances,
international dance tournaments, exhibitions, open air painting meetings
and a possibility to go sailing or do other water sports. The area
is located along the southeastern coast of the Vistula Lagoon.
The Vistula Lagoon is a large reservoir. Within the Polish boarders
its surface area amounts to 328 km2, its width falls between 8 and
11 km, while the average depth reaches 2,4 m. There are 38 species
of fish (freshwater, saltwater and able to live in both habitats).
The Lagoon is used for fishery as well as cargo and passenger transport.
The Vistula Lagoon waters enable connection to the Vistula River,
the Bay of Gdańsk, the Mazuria (through the Elbląg River & Canal)
and the Kaliningrad District. The land spreading out from Elbląg to
Braniewo is also well connected to the centre of Poland, the Russian
Federation and further to Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia (there are
four border crossings: water, railway and for cars). Soon a large
road crossing in Grzechotki is scheduled for opening. The numerous
advantages of the area create very convenient conditions for investment.
CITY OF ELBLĄG
Elbląg, which dates back to 1237, was granted its municipal rights
in 1246. The contemporary city, with its 128.000 inhabitants, constitutes
a significant industrial centre, an important transport junction as
well as a higher education and service centre for the region. There
are a lot of hotels, cultural and sports facilities, monuments of
great value, a marina and a sea port both for passenger and cargo
ships, not to mention a boarder crossing. Tourists can enjoy a wide
range of exciting cultural events of their choice (painting, poetry
& drama, music) sporting events (especially dance tournaments)
and also fairs or exhibitions. Several exciting tourist routes start
in Elbląg. It is possible to go on a cruise to Ostróda down the Elbląg
Canal (with unique slipways on the way) or through the Vistula Lagoon
to Kaliningrad and other destinations. Numerous interesting sights
testify to the rich past of Elbląg. The elaborately rebuilt Old Town
is exceptional on a European scale. There are a lot of places worth
special attention, such as St Nicholas' Cathedral (13th century, with
valuable furnishings and masterpieces), a building complex of the
former Holy Spirit Church and Hospital (at present, the Elbląg Library
with a precious collection of old prints), the Market Gate (14th century),
the former post-Dominican church under the invocation of Holy Virgin
Mary (now it is the "EL Gallery" Art Centre - widely known
even abroad), to mention but a few. Among the ample collections of
the Elbląg Museum one can see several hundreds of thousands of exhibits
coming from archeological sites in the Old Town and the early TRUSO
settlement (8th to 10th centuries, discovered in 1982 in Janów on
Drużno Lake). Elbląg is not only a tourist centre of a rising significance.
The town also creates perfect conditions for investors. A Special
Economic Zone operates here, there are good communication solutions,
new port terminals and road routes under modernization.
TOWN AND COMMUNE OF TOLKMICKO
The commune comprises attractive areas situated in the central part
of the southeastern shore of the Vistula Lagoon. Within the commune
area there is a particularly beautiful Elbląg High Plain Landscape
Park (Park Krajobrazowy Wysoczyzny Elbląskiej) with marvelous trees,
very diverse terrain, rich fauna and flora. The hills covered with
centuries-old forest are cut with numerous deep ravines, inside which
picturesque streams and torrents flow. The landscape of the commune
resembles a mountainous area at times. There are numerous monuments
of nature, such as Bażyński Oak (10 m in girth) and a boulder (14,5
m in girth) in Kadyny as well as another boulder (14 m in girth) in
Święty Kamień. Especially interesting historical objects are in Tolkmicko,
Kadyny, Łęcze, Suchacz, Krzyżewo and Chojnowo. Along the Lagoon coastline
there are some ports and marinas used mainly by fishermen and yachtsmen.
The commune has convenient areas for investment, mainly in the zone
alongside the Lagoon. Tourists visiting the Commune of Tolkmicko have
an opportunity to see interesting material culture heritage, rich
and unique nature and do some water sports.
Tolkmicko. A town situated on the Vistula Lagoon, with well-developed
fishery and food industry; a seat of the town and commune authorities.
Its old-town houses, St James the Apostle Church and a Gothic tower
from the14th century, a cemetery chapel, a railway station building
or Tolkmit's bulwark are well worth a visit. Tolkmicko has its hotel
and gastronomic base as well as a passenger, yacht and fishing port.
Kadyny. A settlement with a rich history and numerous places of historical
interest, such as a palace-park complex with an orangery (17th century),
a chapel from 1680, a Franciscan monastery (17th century), stud facilities,
a lot of dwelling houses and other premises. There are also good hotels,
agro-tourism lodgings, delicious gastronomy, two beaches, and a stud.
Unusual nature in Kadyny deserves special attention, e.g. mighty beech
forests, Sika Deer, the already mentioned huge boulder (14,5 m in
girth) and Bażyński Oak (10 m in girth), to mention but a few. Various
sport competitions and open air artistic meetings are organized here.
Suchacz. A settlement by the route Kadyny - Elbląg. It has breathtaking
view points, a fishing port, a marine and a few historical buildings.
Chojnowo. A village between Tolkmicko and Pogrodzie, famous for lots
of extraordinarily interesting chapels.
Łęcze. A village with arcaded houses, a historical church, original
buildings and some remains of a windmill.
TOWN AND COMMUNE OF FROMBORK
A tourist and rural commune situated at the boundary of the Elbląg
High Plain, Old-Prussian Coast and the Warmia Plain. As far as tourism
is concerned, a dominant role is played by the town of Frombork, often
called the "Pearl of the North" or "Copernicus' Town".
The town is known for its amazing history and several monuments. The
best years for Frombork were in the 16th and 17th centuries. Nicolas
Copernicus lived here and carried out his research for 33 years. Just
here, in Frombork he wrote his masterpiece titled "De revolutionibus
orbium caelestium". He was buried in the local cathedral.
It is a must visit the Cathedral Hill, ranked among top world class
architectural properties. It includes a magnificent Gothic cathedral
from 1388 (with the most famous organ in Poland, 23 altars and marvelous
stalls), the former bishops' palace (now the Nicolas Copernicus Museum),
a bell tower called the Radziejowski Tower (with a planetarium, a
Foucault's pendulum and a landscape terrace), the Copernicus Tower
and an astronomical observatory. Numerous monuments can also be found
outside the Cathedral Hill. Among others, there is a neo-Gothic evangelic
church, a water tower building from 1571, a building of the former
Holy Spirit Hospital (14th - 17th centuries, today the Museum of Medicine).
Frombork has good tourist infrastructure as well as a port for fishing
boats and yachts. Annual international pipe organ festivals, outdoor
performances and sailing races are organised here. From the Lagoon
cliffs and towers on the Cathedral Hill tourists can admire vast and
distant scenic landscapes. Several tourist routes run through Frombork.
The town offers very convenient conditions for investors. Its natural
resources make it possible to develop a health resort in Frombork.
TOWN OF BRANIEWO
Founded in the 12th century on the Old-Prussian Coast, at the low
section of the Pasłęka River, the town can be proud of its superb
scientific, cultural and economic past (since the 14th century a port
with its own fleet had existed there). Nowadays, it is an administrative,
service and industrial centre, inhabited by about 20 thousand citizens.
There are numerous objects of its material culture heritage, dating
back to the times of town's prosperity. Here are the ones deserving
of all visitors' attention: the St Catharine's Gothic Church (14th-15th
centuries), the St Catharine's Monastery, the St Cross Baroque Church
constructed on a Greek cross location (18th century), a complex of
former Collegium Hosianum buildings, the Old Town with its spatial
arrangement, a gate tower of the bishops' castle, a classicistic church
(19th century), a granary with nogging construction, the horse stud
buildings and many others. In the vicinity of the town nature is extremely
valuable, e.g. the refuges of fowl and beavers. The Pasłęka River
is very charming and valuable in terms of nature. Numerous tourist
hiking, bicycle and water routes cross the town. A significant number
of hotels await tourists. Attractive areas are offered for investment
purposes. Railway and road border crossings, along with its good connection
to the centre of Poland, the Russian Federation and more distant Baltic
countries foster the development of Braniewo.
COMMUNE OF ELBLĄG
The Commune of Elblag comprises the areas located at the boundary
of the Vistula Marshland and the Elblag High Plain. Therefore, it
accumulates features characteristic for the Lagoon communes. There
are both unique marshlands and highlands, depression and mountainous
landscapes, exceptionally precious nature, beautiful forests, a great
amount of waters and plenty of cultural heritage objects. Tourists
may visit the unique Drużno Lake Ornithological Reserve (221 bird
species), which, due to its rare wildlife, comes under protection
as world natural heritage, according to the RAMSAR Convention, and
is enrolled into the List of Wetlands of International Importance
within the framework of NATURA 2000 Programme. Moreover, visitors
to Elbląg Commune should see the Elbląg Bay Ornithological Reserve
(Zatoka Elbląska with 222 bird species), the site of the primeval
settlement "TRUSO" (discovered in Janów near Elblag), a
recreation centre named Little Holland (Mała Holandia), the lowest
spot in Poland (1,8 m below sea level) in Raczki Elbląskie, as well
as arcaded houses, Mennonites' cemeteries or sacral objects. One of
the most amazing attractions is a boat cruise to Ostróda through the
Elbląg Canal - during which ships overcome a 100-metre difference
in height owing to the world unique slipways. In silence and peace
people can do water sports or go fishing on lots of canals (e.g. the
Jagiellonian Canal and rivers (such as the Elbląg, Nogat, Fiszewka,
to mention but a few). In the commune area there are several tourist
routes, hotels, motels and agrotourist lodgings. Being the seat of
the commune authorities, Elbląg and its environs accumulates considerable
service and manufacturing potential. Yet, to increase the potential,
the commune offers very convenient investment locations to prospective